Today, on the third anniversary of the signing of the EU-Turkey deal, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) calls on European leaders to take action to end the harmful policy of containment on the Greek island ‘hotspots’.
MSF also urges the immediate evacuation of all vulnerable people, especially children, from these locations to suitable accommodation on the Greek mainland or in other EU Member States.
According to MSF’s announcement, for the past three years, the EU-Turkey deal has trapped thousands of men, women and children in overcrowded, unsanitary, unsafe and degrading conditions with little access to basic health services, which has resulted in a deterioration of their health and well-being, and caused widespread misery.
“Greece has become a dumping ground for the men, women and children that the European Union has failed to protect,” says Emmanuel Goué, MSF’s Head of Mission in Greece. “What was once touted as a ‘refugee emergency’ has given way to inexcusable levels of human suffering across the Greek islands and on mainland Greece. The EU and Greek authorities continue to rob vulnerable people of their dignity and health, seemingly in an effort to deter others from coming. This policy is cruel, inhumane and cynical, and it needs to end.”
As a result of the EU-Turkey deal, some 12,000 men, women and children are currently trapped in dire conditions on the five island ‘hotspots’. In Vathy camp, on Samos, conditions have deteriorated drastically in recent months due to severe overcrowding, prompting MSF to send a medical team back to the island.The camp currently hosts more than 4,112 people in a space meant for just 648, meaning that thousands of people languish unprotected in the filthy and unsafe area outside the official camp.Those sheltering outside the camp include at least 79 unaccompanied children, as well as pregnant women, elderly people, people with chronic health conditions, including acute mental illnesses such as psychosis, and survivors of torture and sexual violence.
“Three years on, the EU and the Greek government are still failing to provide dignified and humane living conditions and proper medical care to those trapped on the Greek islands,” Vasilis Stravaridis, General Director of MSF Greece. “Today in Vathy, on Samos, more than half the camp’s population are living in summer tents or under plastic sheeting, surrounded by rubbish and human excrement. In the month since MSF returned to Samos, we have been treating pregnant women and people with chronic health conditions, and providing group sessions for mental health patients. We plan to scale up our activities so that we can offer care to more people in the coming weeks.”
MSF teams are also working on the islands of Lesvos and Chios, where the camps are at bursting point, with Moria camp on Lesvos hosting 5,225 people in a space meant for 3,100, and Vial camp on Chios hosting 1,361 in a space meant for 1,014.
On the Greek mainland, thousands of migrants, who arrived after the EU-Turkey deal was implemented, live in camps or in temporary accommodation run by the UN or non-governmental organisations, while others live rough in squats or sleep on the streets. ATeams of MSF psychologists are working to care for people suffering from mental health issues, including depression, anxiety and psychosis, and to rehabilitate survivors of torture. Our psychologists cite the housing situation of their patients as their biggest challenge, the organisation said.
Whilst, the overall number of arrivals has greatly decreased since 2016, more than 5,000 men, women and children have arrived in Greece since the beginning of 2019. The vast majority of arrivals are from refugee-producing war torn countries such as Afghanistan, Syria, Iraq and Democratic Republic of Congo, and more than half are women and children.